What is Lasik Eye Surgery
LASIK is a type of eye surgery where lasers are used to fix vision problems caused by refractive errors, which are errors when your eye is not able to bend the light properly and thus distort your vision. This can cause blurry vision, farsightedness and nearsightedness. If you have a misshaped cornea it can cause a refractive error. The cornea is the top outmost layer of the eye
What Does Lasik Eye Surgery Involve?
Lasik is the most preferred laser surgery method in the world. The total duration of the treatment is approximately 10 minutes, and the application time of the laser is only 15-20 seconds. There is no need to close the eyes or stay in the hospital after the treatment. Both eyes can be treated in the same session if necessary.
Lasik Eye Surgery has a wide treatment application range. It is a permanent method and there is no significant change in the results obtained after the 3rd month. When the laser is applied to the anterior part of the eye, no external anatomical change occurs in your eye. Briefly, it is a safe operation and the reliability of the Lasik Eye Surgery is related to the superiority of the laser device and the experience of the surgeon.
Are You a Good Candidate for Lasik Eye Surgery?
In order to achieve successful results and have a problem-free treatment process with laser eye surgery, this treatment should be applied to suitable candidates. The most suitable people for laser eye treatment are those over the age of 18. Those over the age of 18 have completed their eye development. Laser eye treatment is considered appropriate after the age of 18, due to the possibility of changes in the number of glasses and the manifestation of genetic corneal diseases that may affect the success of the treatment at this age.
Laser surgeries can be performed on patients with suitable corneal thickness. Unlike Lasik and iLasik laser applications, no-touch laser application can also be applied to patients with thin corneal structure. It can also be applied to people who have had cataract surgery before and those who have a tear in their retina after providing the appropriate preconditions. It can also be applied to patients with astigmatism and hyperopia that are not excessively high and myopia patients with high numbers. In addition, it can be applied to patients who have various scars and stains on the cornea layer. As a result, those who are over the age of 18 and wear glasses and contact lenses, do not have any discomfort such as keratoconus or eye pressure in their eyes, whose eye prescription has not changed for at least 1 year, who are not pregnant or breastfeeding, are suitable candidates for laser eye surgery. Laser eye surgery, which can be applied for many different reasons, is performed with the advice of a doctor after various examination procedures. You can find out whether you are fully suitable for laser eye surgery after passing the necessary examinations provided by your specialist physician.
What are Types of Laser Eye Surgery?
In general, laser eye surgery is best suited for people with moderate vision impairment and no unusual vision problems. This type of surgery can be applied to people who have the following vision problems.
Myopia: When your eyeball is slightly longer than normal or when the cornea is too sharply curved, light rays focus in front of the retina and blur distant vision. You can see objects that are close quite clearly, but you may not be able to see objects that are far away.
Hypermetropia: If you have a shorter-than-average eyeball or a very flat cornea, the light is focused behind the retina, not on it. This situation sometimes affects near vision and sometimes blurs distance vision.
Astigmatism: Astigmatism is an eye defect caused by the fact that the cornea is not curved the same in all directions. It is simply the case that the eye is not like a ball but like an egg-shaped. As a result, a blurred image occurs on the retina.
Except for these situations, it is important to reach the age of 18 for Lasik Eye Surgery. Lasik procedure is suitable for patients who meet the following criteria:
Applicable to people over the age of 18,
Do not have a systemic disease such as advanced diabetes or rheumatism,
It can be applied to people who do not have eye pressure,
Can be applied according to the thickness of the cornea
Suitable for people whose eye numbers do not change often,
Suitable for women who are not pregnant or breastfeeding,
Applied to people who are suitable for treatment as a result of a pre-laser eye exam by the eye doctor.
If you’re considering Lasik Eye Surgery, you probably wear glasses or contact lenses. Your ophthalmologist will give you detailed information about whether Lasik eye surgery or a similar refractive surgery is an option that will suitable for you.
During the Procedure
During the procedure, Lasik patients will lie on their back in a reclining chair. Your eye doctor may give you medicine to help you relax. After the numbing drops are placed in your eye, your doctor uses a tool to hold your eyelids open. Your eye surgeon reshapes sections of your cornea using a programmed laser. A small amount of corneal tissue is removed with each pulse of the laser beam.
During the surgery, your doctor will ask you to focus on a point of light. Looking at this light helps keep your eye immobilize while the laser reshapes your cornea. If you need Lasik Eye Surgery on both eyes, doctors will usually do both procedures on the same day.
Risk and Complications
Complications that cause vision loss are very rare. However, some side effects of Lasik Eye Surgery, especially temporary vision problems such as dry eyes and glare, are quite common a few days after surgery. These usually clear up after a few weeks or months, and few people experience them as a long-term problem. The following complications may occur after the Lasik Eye Surgery.
- Dry eyes
- Glare, halos and double vision
- Under corrections
- Flap problems
- Vision loss or changes
What Should I Expect After Lasik Eye Surgery?
Lasik Eye Surgery offers better vision without the hassle of wearing glasses or contact lenses. In general, you will have better vision after Lasik Eye Surgery. Eighty percent of people who have had this operation no longer wear glasses or contact lenses for most of their activities.
The results of the Lasik Eye Surgery depend on the particular light refraction problem in your eye and other factors. People with low-grade myopia tend to benefit most from Lasik Eye Surgery. People with astigmatism who are highly nearsighted or severely hyperopic have less predictable outcomes.